Native Georgian Dog Breeds | All dogs of Georgia | Dog breeds originating in Georgia


Georgia, a beautiful country nestled in the Caucasus region, is not only known for its stunning landscapes and rich history but also for its native dog breeds. These breeds have a long and fascinating history, and their significance in Georgian culture cannot be underestimated.

History of Native Georgian Dog Breeds

Georgian dog breeds have been part of the country’s history for centuries. One example is the Georgian Shepherd, also known as the Caucasian Shepherd. This large and powerful breed has been a guardian of livestock and a protector of homes in the mountainous regions of Georgia. Another notable breed is the Georgian Hound, which has been used for hunting in the country for generations.

These native breeds have evolved, adapting to Georgia’s unique terrain and climate. They have developed traits that make them well-suited to their specific tasks, such as agility, endurance, and a keen sense of smell.

Role and significance of these breeds in Georgian culture

Georgian dog breeds hold a special place in the country’s culture. They are working dogs, beloved companions, and symbols of national pride. These breeds have become integral to Georgian folklore, inspiring stories and legends.

Furthermore, these native breeds showcase the resilience and strength of the Georgian people. They have accompanied farmers in their daily tasks, protected livestock from predators, and served as loyal companions in challenging environments.

Recently, a growing interest has been in preserving and promoting these native Georgian dog breeds. Efforts are being made to ensure their future survival and recognition beyond the borders of Georgia.

In conclusion, the native Georgian dog breeds are a testament to the country’s rich heritage and the deep bond between its people and animals. They are not just dogs but living symbols of Georgian culture and history.

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The Georgian Shepherd Dog (Georgian: Nagazi)

Native Georgian Dog Breeds
Native Georgian Dog Breeds

Georgian Shepherd Dog Appearance and Characteristics

The Georgian Shepherd, also known as Nagazi, is a large and powerful dog breed native to Georgia. They have a strong, muscular build and a thick double coat that protects them in harsh weather conditions. The species typically has a round head, almond-shaped eyes, and a strong jaw. Their ears are usually cropped and erect. Nagazi dogs are known for their strong protective instincts, making them excellent guard dogs.

Training and Temperament of the Georgian Shepherd Dog

Georgian Shepherd Dogs are intelligent and quick learners, making training relatively easy. However, they require a firm and consistent hand during exercise due to their strong-willed nature. Early socialization is crucial to ensure the breed develops into a well-rounded and obedient dog. Despite their protective nature, Nagazi dogs are usually friendly and loyal to their family members.

Guarding and herding abilities of Nagazi

The Georgian Shepherd Dog is primarily bred for guarding and herding livestock. They are automatic to protect their territory and will fearlessly defend their family and property. Their imposing size and protective solid instinct make them an excellent deterrent for potential intruders. Additionally, Nagazi dogs are skilled herders and can effectively manage livestock, showing great agility and control.

Overall, the Georgian Shepherd Dog is a remarkable breed with a robust appearance and a protective nature. Their intelligence and versatility make them suitable for various tasks, including guarding, herding, and as loyal family companions.

Georgian Shepherd Dog Breed – Facts and Information video

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The Georgian Mountain Dog (Georgian: Gampr)

Georgian Dog Breeds
Georgian Dog Breeds

Native to the Caucasus region, the Georgian Mountain Dog, also known as Gampr, is a powerful and loyal breed that has been a part of Georgian culture for centuries. This breed is revered for its protective instincts, versatility, and loyalty.

Georgian Mountain Dog Physical traits and size

The Gampr is a large-sized dog, with males ranging from 26 to 30 inches in height and females slightly smaller. They have a robust build, muscular body, and a dense double coat that provides insulation in harsh weather conditions. The skin comes in various colors, such as white, black, grey, or brown, often with a brindle pattern.

Temperament and loyalty of the Gampr

The Gampr is known for its loyal and protective nature. They form deep bonds with their families and are highly devoted to their owners. While they can be aloof with strangers, they are affectionate and gentle with their loved ones. This breed is intelligent, confident, and independent, making them excellent guardians of their territory.

Gampr’s role as a protector and livestock guardian

Traditionally, Gamprs were utilized as livestock guardians, protecting sheep, cattle, and other animals from predators. They are highly alert and have a strong instinct to protect their flock or family. Their strong physique and fearless nature make them formidable protectors, even against large predators like bears and wolves.

In conclusion, the Georgian Mountain Dog or Gampr is a magnificent breed with physical strength, loyalty, and protective instincts. This breed thrives in an environment where they can fulfill their natural role as guardians and protectors. Whether as a working dog or a family pet, the Gampr exemplifies the qualities that make it a beloved and respected breed in Georgia.

The Georgian Hound (Georgian: Georgian Khunzakh)

The Georgian Hound is a native dog breed from Georgia, a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. These dogs are renowned for their hunting abilities, loyalty, and impressive physical characteristics.

Georgian Hound’s hunting abilities and characteristics

Initially bred for hunting, the Georgian Hound possesses exceptional hunting instincts and skills. They have a keen sense of smell and are known for their ability to track down and chase games with great speed and agility. With their strong build and muscular physique, these dogs excel in mountainous terrains, making them ideal for hunting in the diverse landscapes of Georgia.

Training and exercise needs of the Georgian Khunzakh

As an intelligent breed, the Georgian Hound responds well to training. However, they require firm, consistent, gentle handling to achieve their best potential. Training sessions should focus on positive reinforcement methods to keep their spirits high. Regular exercise is crucial for this active breed, as they have high energy levels. Long walks, jogging, or canine sports can satisfy their exercise needs and stimulate them mentally and physically.

Adaptability and suitability of Georgian Hounds as family pets

Despite their strong hunting instincts, Georgian Hounds can make excellent family pets. They are known for their loyalty, affection, and gentle nature with their human family members. However, their high energy levels and tendency to chase smaller animals require a fenced yard or ample space to exercise safely. Early socialization and proper training ensure they get along well with other pets and children.

The Georgian Hound is a remarkable dog breed with a rich hunting history and a loyal, affectionate disposition. Whether for hunting or as a family companion, these dogs are a proud symbol of Georgian heritage.


In conclusion, the native Georgian dog breeds are not unique but play an essential role in the country’s cultural heritage. From the loyal Georgian Shepherd to the playful Kartvelian Hound, these dogs have been serving various purposes for centuries.

Appreciating the uniqueness of Native Georgian Dog Breeds

The native Georgian dog breeds are known for their distinct physical characteristics, temperament, and abilities. They have been bred and trained to excel in guarding livestock, hunting, and protecting property. These breeds reflect the Georgian people’s resilience, adaptability, and intelligence.

Preserving and promoting these breeds internationally

To ensure the survival of these native Georgian dog breeds, efforts are being made to promote and protect them both domestically and internationally. Breed organizations, enthusiasts, and government agencies are working to preserve the breed standards, promote responsible breeding practices, and increase awareness about these unique dogs. This includes participating in international dog shows, organizing breed-specific events, and sharing information about these breeds online.

Frequently Asked Questions about Georgian Dog Breeds

Are Georgian dog breeds good family pets?

Yes, many Georgian dog breeds can make excellent family pets. However, it’s essential to consider their specific needs, temperament, and exercise requirements before bringing them into a household with children or other pets.

Can Georgian dog breeds adapt to different climates?

Yes, most Georgian dog breeds are adapted to the local climate, including hot summers and cold winters. However, providing them with proper shelter, food, and care is essential to ensure their well-being in different weather conditions.

Are Georgian dog breeds suitable for first-time dog owners?

Some Georgian dog breeds may require experienced owners who can handle their solid personalities and exercise needs. However, some species with proper training and socialization can be suitable for first-time dog owners.

  • Are Georgian dog breeds recognized internationally?

While international kennel clubs recognize some Georgian dog breeds, others are still gaining recognition. Efforts are ongoing to ensure these breeds receive the award and appreciation they deserve globally.

Georgian Dog Breeds

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